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Cost-Benefit Analysis : Proposed Safety Upgrades to Currently Operating Nuclear Power Plants

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dc.contributor.advisor Klein, Andrew C.
dc.creator Jordahl, Joanthan T.
dc.date.accessioned 2016-10-19T17:00:55Z
dc.date.available 2016-10-19T17:00:55Z
dc.date.copyright 2016-09-13
dc.date.issued 2016-09-13
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/1957/59910
dc.description Graduation date: 2017 en_US
dc.description.abstract In the wake of nuclear accidents such as Three Mile Island Unit 2 and Fukushima, the nuclear power industry’s safety record is scrutinized. Today the main concerns lies with hydrogen production in a nuclear reactor core when the zirconium fuel cladding reacts with the water coolant during an accident, creating combustible hydrogen gas. This concern is being addressed with new technologies for new nuclear power plants and the development of hydrogen mitigation techniques for currently operating plants. This study looks at a few potential safety upgrades including hydrogen mitigation upgrades such as hydrogen ignitors and Passive Autocatalytic Recombiners (PARs). As well as some radionuclide release mitigation safety upgrades, filtered vents and hardened vents. Using event tree/fault tree analysis to obtain probabilities and consequences of accidents and a newly developed “Economic Safety Factor (ESF)” has been proposed. The ESF is a metric that is aimed at helping utilities and regulators decide whether a particular safety upgrade is beneficial for the cost. While the ESF is not the only mechanism a utility or regulator will consider when evaluating plant changes, it can give a good indication of whether or not a safety upgrade, or another type of upgrade is a good idea. It was found that hydrogen ignitors and PAR should be implemented. The addition of filtered vents is dependent on their cost based on the results of an ESF cost-benefit analysis method. As a response to the accidents at Fukushima, hardened vents have been required on all Mk. I and Mk. II Boiling Water Reactors by the US Nuclear Regulatory Commission. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.rights Attribution-NoDerivs 3.0 United States *
dc.rights.uri http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nd/3.0/us/ *
dc.subject PRA en_US
dc.subject Safety en_US
dc.subject Economic Safety Factor en_US
dc.subject Fault tree en_US
dc.subject Event tree en_US
dc.subject Nuclear en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Nuclear reactors -- Safety measures -- Cost effectiveness en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Hydrogen -- Combustion -- Prevention -- Cost effectiveness en_US
dc.title Cost-Benefit Analysis : Proposed Safety Upgrades to Currently Operating Nuclear Power Plants en_US
dc.type Thesis/Dissertation en_US
dc.degree.name Master of Science (M.S.) in Nuclear Engineering en_US
dc.degree.level Master's en_US
dc.degree.discipline Engineering en_US
dc.degree.grantor Oregon State University en_US
dc.contributor.committeemember Berger, Amber D.
dc.contributor.committeemember Yang, Haori
dc.contributor.committeemember Marcum, Wade
dc.description.peerreview no en_us

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Attribution-NoDerivs 3.0 United States Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution-NoDerivs 3.0 United States

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